What is RUPES Program?

RUPES – Rewarding Upland Poor for Environmental Services they provide – was started in 2002 under the coordination of the World Agroforestry Centre (Southeast Asia Programme) through a funding partnership with the International Fund for Agricultural Development. The program ended in 2012.

During its first phase (2002 - 2007), RUPES worked in 6 action research sites in 3 countries – Bungo, Singkarak and Sumberjaya in Indonesia; Bakun and Kalahan in the Philippines; Kulekhani in Nepal.  

Designed to follow-up to and expand on the lessons learnt in the phase 1, RUPES phase 2 (2008 – 2012) has expanded its work to 10 more action research sites in 6 countries – Songhuaba, Tibetan Plateau and Xishuangbanna in China; Lake Loktak in India; Cidanau, Citarum and Kuningan in Indonesia; Shivapuri in Nepal; Lantapan in the Philippines; Bac Kan in Viet Nam. During the period RUPES also continued collaboration with other organizations and projects in 6 learning sites across Asia.  

RUPES encouraged adoption of improved forest, land and watershed management practices through environmental services compensation and rewards schemes by considering a set of principles for rewards for environmental services: realistic, conditional, voluntary and pro-poor.  

RUPES project has ended but the learning and finding from its research activities continue to be referred to in academic forums as well as inspire further research.  

Explore RUPES publication for information about the complexity of rewards for environmental service (RES) schemes.